Bus is a large wheeled road vehicle designed to carry passengers, usually on a fixed route. Buses vary significantly in size and type. Small vehicles accommodate about ten passengers; large ones take about 300. High-capacity buses are divided into classes: city, intercity, and tourist.
The appropriate size of vehicles is influenced by: the traffic volume, the road system characteristics, and the type of services passengers are ready to pay for.
The different types of buses are mainly due to the way they are used and their capacity.
A single-decker bus consists of one floor. It has a two-row seating capacity of about 50 seats.
A double-decker bus has two decks. Tourists usually use it for sightseeing.
A minibus is a small bus with a seating capacity of 8-30 seats.
An articulated bus is a long bus consisting of two sections connected by a bent joint. So it can turn into small streets.
A city bus operates within the city limits. It is defined by low maximum speed, platform, seats, and no space for luggage.
A coach is a bus used for long-distance travel. It has fewer doors than a city bus and a separate portion for baggage.
A shuttle bus is used between places without many stops, usually at airports and other places where lots of people meet.
A suburban bus is designed for short intercity routes and has high seats and a luggage rack.
A school bus takes people to their school or university. These buses have unique signal lamps and safety provisions.
There are two main components in the construction of buses: a body and a chassis. Buses can be manufactured by one company or different manufacturers working on a bus body and a chassis separately.
Today the diesel engine is the most common bus power source. But there are also electric, fuel cell, and hybrid bus technologies. Most buses have two axles; articulated buses have three axles.
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